absent

absents, absenting, absented
(The adjective and preposition are pronounced [[t]æ̱bs(ə)nt[/t]]. The verb is pronounced [[t]æbse̱nt[/t]].)
1) ADJ: usu v-link ADJ, oft ADJ from n If someone or something is absent from a place or situation where they should be or where they usually are, they are not there.

He has been absent from his desk for two weeks...

The pictures, too, were absent from the walls...

Any soldier failing to report would be considered absent without leave and punished accordingly.

2) ADJ-GRADED If someone appears absent, they are not paying attention because they are thinking about something else.

`Nothing,' Rosie said in an absent way.

Syn:
Derived words:
absently [[t]æ̱bs(ə)ntli[/t]] ADV-GRADED

He nodded absently.

3) ADJ: ADJ n An absent parent does not live with his or her children.

...absent fathers who fail to pay towards the costs of looking after their children.

4) VERB If someone absents themselves from a place where they should be or where they usually are, they do not go there or they do not stay there. [FORMAL]

[V pron-refl from n] She was old enough to absent herself from the lunch table if she chose...

[V pron-refl] He pleaded guilty before a court martial to absenting himself without leave.

5) PREP If you say that absent one thing, another thing will happen, you mean that if the first thing does not happen, the second thing will happen. [AM, FORMAL]

Absent a solution, people like Sue Godfrey will just keep on fighting.

Syn:

English dictionary. 2008.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • absent — absent, ente [ apsɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. et n. • ausent XIIe; lat. absens, absentis 1 ♦ Qui n est pas (dans le lieu où il pourrait, devrait être), qui est éloigné (de ce lieu). Il est absent de son bureau, de Paris. Elle a été absente deux mois, pendant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • absent — absent, ente (a bsan, san t , ou, suivant la prononciation réelle, a psan) adj. 1°   Qui n est pas présent. Être absent. Absent par congé. Vous avez été longtemps absent. •   C est donc ainsi qu absent vous m avez obéi, MOL. Éc. des f. II, 2.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • absent — ABSÉNT, Ă, absenţi, te, adj. 1. Care nu e de faţă, care lipseşte. 2. fig. Care nu este atent la ce se petrece în jurul lui; distrat. – Din fr. absent, lat. absens, ntis. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  absént, ă adj. 1. care… …   Dicționar Român

  • Absent — Ab sent, a. [F., fr. absens, absentis, p. pr. of abesse to be away from; ab + esse to be. Cf. {Sooth}.] 1. Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present. Expecting absent friends. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Not existing; lacking; as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • absent — I adjective absorbed, abstracted, astray, away, bare, bemused, blank, deficient, devoid, elsewhere, faraway, flown, gone, heedless, lost, missing, not present, nowhere to be found, null and void, preoccupied, removed, vacant, vacuous, wanting… …   Law dictionary

  • absent — UK US /ˈæbsənt/ adjective ► HR not at work or at the place where you are expected to be: absent from sth »Anna s been absent from work for four days with flu. ► not existing in a particular place: absent from sth »Any mention of prices is… …   Financial and business terms

  • absent — ABSENT, [abs]ente. Adj. Qui est éloigné de sa demeure ordinaire, qui est éloigné du lieu où il devroit estre. Vous avez esté long temps absent. il reçoit ses distributions tant absent que present. tandis qu il estoit absent de la Cour. ce… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • absent — Absent, m. acut. Est pur Latin. Absens, Estre absent, Abesse. Faire quelque chose pour aucun absent, Absentis alicuius negotium gerere. Il n y a rien pour les absens, Absentum ratio non habetur. Il gaigne autant absent que present, Absentis… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • absent — [ab′sənt; ] for v. [, ab sent′, əbsənt] adj. [ME < OFr < L absens, prp. of abesse < ab , away + esse, to be: see IS1] 1. not present; away 2. not existing; lacking 3. not attentive; absorbed in thought vt. to keep (oneself) away …   English World dictionary

  • Absent — (lat.), abwesend. Das Absent, in Bayern der Teil des Pfarreinkommens, den ein resignierender Pfarrer sich vorbehält als eine vom Nachfolger an ihn zu zahlende Pension. Absentenliste, Verzeichnis der Fehlenden. Absentation, Absentierung,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • absent — [adj1] not present astray, away, AWOL*, elsewhere, ghost, gone, hooky*, missing, nobody home*, no show*, removed, vanished; concept 583 Ant. attending, existing, present absent [adj2] deficient in something needed or usual bare, blank, devoid,… …   New thesaurus

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